During the breeding season is one of the main times when male Pygmy Hippopotamuses become more aggressive and will bare their teeth and even fight with one another to earn the right to mate with the local females. The feet have four toes each with sharp nails. The Pygmy Hippopotamus is a species of dwarf or very small hippopotamid, compared to the other common hippo species. Feet: Well-separated toes for trudging through mud. By size, these mammals are about a fifth of the Common African Hippopotamus and spend less time in the water. Pygmy hippos in captivity are known to exhibit monogamous mating system, where each individual has only one mate. However, in 1911, Schomburgk brought five specimens to Europe and the Pygmy hippos were recognized as a separate species. Length of head & body: 1.5 m – 1.8 m, Height to shoulder: 0.8 m, Weight: 160 - 270 kg. The majority of the … Diet. If alarmed, the hippo releases its breath with a loud huff. Known to be found only in four countries in West Africa. Fortunately, pygmy hippos breed well in zoos; however, more protection is needed for the wild populations so that they will not vanish altogether. There are two species of hippopotamus – the Common Hippopotamus (also called a River Hippo) (hippopotamus amphibius) and. These semi-aquatic mammals live and construct burrows along swamps and rivers, constantly remaining in close proximity to water. Limited to very restricted ranges in West Africa, it is a shy, solitary forest dweller, and is now endangered. They spend around 6 out of 24 hours per day feeding. Whales are the closest living relatives to hippos. Leopards seem to be the only natural predator able to successfully attack pygmy hippos. The pygmy hippo has adaptations for spending time in the water but is much less aquatic than the hippo. As well, the pygmy hippo has only one pair of upper incisors compared to the river hippo’s two pairs. Still, most of these predators often keep their distance. These animals are closely related to the hippopotamus, inhabiting West Africa. The other much smaller species of hippo is the pygmy hippopotamus. The heads of pygmy hippos are also blunter and rounder than those of … These shy animals are also hunted for their meat in logged areas. Both sexes have home ranges, though those of males are much larger than those of females: a female's range covering 100-150 acres, and a male's covering about 400 acres. Pygmy hippos tend to lead solitary life, avoiding conspecifics. Unlike their larger relative, pygmy hippos are shy and would prefer to flee rather than stay and fight. For the first few weeks, the mother tucks the calf, which looks like a large piggy bank, away in the bushes while she feeds, because the baby cannot walk well. The pygmy hippopotamus displays many terrestrial adaptations, however, like its larger cousin, it is semi-aquatic and relies on to water to keep its skin moisturized and its body temperature cool. ... Pygmy hippos seek food on higher, drier ground, and are most active between 6 pm and midnight. The average weight of the male adult hippo is 1,500 to 1,800 Kg, and a female is at an average weight of about 1,300 to 1,500 Kg. Signs of submission include lying prone and urinating while slowly wagging the tail. Billy, or William Johnson Hippopotamus, (Before 1927 – October 11, 1955) was a pygmy hippopotamus given to U.S. President Calvin Coolidge.Captured in Liberia, he was given to Coolidge by Harvey Samuel Firestone in 1927. They stand 2 and a half feet tall and measure 5 feet from head to tail. Gift recipients must reside within ZIP codes 91900-92899. Possibly because of their close resemblance and diminutive size these animals are often mistaken for baby Nile hippos by the uninformed. In tons, male pygmy hippopotamus weigh between 0.2 tons to 0.31 tons. The pygmy hippo's feet are less webbed and its toes more free than those of the hippo, and its legs are longer than its huge cousin's. Those in the wild are thought to be polygynous, since territory of each male overlaps with these of multiple females. In 1963, we received three pygmy hippos, a pair from the Ivory Coast and a female born at the Basel Zoo in Switzerland. The Pygmy Hippo (Hexaprotodon liberiensis) is a mid-sized African ungulate featured in the Deluxe Edition of Planet Zoo.. Zoopedia Description General. WEIGHT. The pygmy hippo is reclusive and nocturnal. The ecological niche of this species is insufficiently explored, although Pygmy hippos are likely to impact plant communities of their range through their plant-based diet. They average around one-fifth the size of a river hippo. Although normally silent, they may sometimes give out snorting, grunting, hissing and squeaking sounds. Additionally, Pygmy hippos never chew their cud. Commonly sighted in rivers, swamps and lakes, the hippopotamus is an herbivore that lives mostly in the water when not feeding on nearby grasses. Your gift not only cares for countless animals and plants at the Zoo and Safari Park, it protects and saves critically endangered species around the globe relying on us to survive. It is extremely rare that a predator will ever attempt to take down an adult Pygmy Hippo. There is still so much to learn about the pygmy hippopotamus, about how they live and how to … The pygmy hippo has adaptations for spending time in the water but is much less aquatic than the hippo. Conservation Status: IUCN When they dive, the species muscular valves in their ears and nostrils close off. Pygmy hippos grow to a length of between 1.5 and 1.75 meters and a weight of between 160 and 270 kg. They have a barrel-shaped body with somewhat longer limbs and a more torpedo-shaped head than the common hippo. ... How big is a Hippo? Adult hippo can often reach a weight … Good things come in small packages: At first glance, the pygmy hippopotamus looks like a mini version of its larger relative, the hippopotamus (also known as the river or common hippopotamus). They will lurk though and take a chance when a youngster strays too far from its mother while on land. Captive Pygmy hippos do not have a specific breeding season, but instead can mate at any time of the year. ZSL is working in the field and in our zoos to protect the remaining populations. Smaller distribution is notable in Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, and Guinea. But it differs in behavior and physical characteristics. At birth the calf weighs between 4.5 and 6.2 kgs (9.9 - 13.7 lbs) and they can swim almost immediately. At five months old, the calf weighs ten times its birth weight. But it differs in behavior and physical characteristics. However, the thin skin could cause the hippo to dehydrate quickly in the sun, so its skin oozes out a pink fluid that looks like beads of sweat and gives the hippo a shiny, or wet, appearance. the Pygmy Hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis or … (160 to 270 kg), while river hippos can weigh up to 10 times more. Adult pygmy hippos reach 70-80 cm in height and are believed to have diverged from the common hippo over 10 million years ago. You can help us bring species like the pygmy hippo back from the brink by supporting the San Diego Zoo Global Wildlife Conservancy. This fluid, called blood sweat, helps to protect the animal's sensitive skin from sunburn. While the big and burly hippo that resides in sub-Saharan Africa is what comes to mind when the word hippo is mentioned, it has a smaller cousin known as the pygmy hippo (Hippo liberiensis).This is a miniature hippopotamus – weighing a maximum of 275 kg – that resides in the jungles of West Africa. Mothers give birth in a den or in dense vegetation. Population in the Wild: 3,000 The pygmy hippopotamus (or Hexaprotodon liberiensis) is a species of medium-sized mammal that lives in the rainforests and swamps of Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea and the Ivory Coast. Hence, when specimen of this species was found, some scientists considered it a stunted or juvenile Common hippo. Although Pygmy hippos resemble their larger relatives, the Common Hippo, closer observation can define several differences. Body language is important in hippo culture. Hippopotamus - Hippopotamus - Pygmy hippopotamus: The rare pygmy hippopotamus (Hexaprotodon liberiensis, also known as Choeropsis liberiensis), the other living species of the family Hippopotamidae, is about the size of a domestic pig. And our pygmy hippos don’t seem to mind when a guenon roommate hops on their back for a ride! According to the IUCN Red List, the population number of Pygmy hippos is around 2,000-2,499 mature individuals. Weight:160-272 kg / 350-600 lb. Pygmy hippos compose a separate class of animals. Each individual of this species can consume as much as 100 - 150 pounds of grass per night. Other ways to stay safe include rearing, lunging, scooping water with the mouth, and head shaking. After a gestation period that lasts for between six and seven months, the female Pygmy Hippopotamus gives birth to a single calf either in a den in the dense vegetation or in the water. Pygmy hippos are more adapted to terrestrial living than common hippos. In pounds, female pygmy hippopotamus weigh between 353 pounds to 529 pounds. The pygmy hippopotamus, or pygmy hippo, Choeropsis liberiensis, is an endangered mammal of high conservation concern endemic to the threatened Upper Guinea forest hotspot of West Africa. Also in common with its larger relative, the pygmy hippo’s skin secretes an oily, pink fluid known as “blood sweat“.It is believed that this substance protects the hippo against water loss, infection and … The breeding season in the wild is unknown, but normally one calf is born after a gestation period of six to seven months. Gestation is six to seven months. The hippopotamus has an average life span of about 45 years in the wild and 50 years in captivity. The calf grows quickly, and at 5 months of age is already about 10 times its birth weight. Adult pygmy hippos weigh about 350 to 600 lbs. Discounts and offers vary by membership type and cannot be combined. Pygmy hippos are rarely found, easily recognizable and huge mammals that have always had a relatively small overall population. Nose: Less prominent nostrils as spends more time on land Common Hippo. Pygmy hippos are relatively smaller and weigh between 350 – 550 pounds. Known to be found only in four countries in West Africa, pygmy hippos are now classified as endangered, with possibly less than 3,000 individuals remaining in the wild. A common or river hippo weighs about 10 times as much as a pygmy hippo. Weight: up to 300 kg. Like the closely-related common hippopotamus, the pygmy hippopotamus has a stocky, rounded body and dark-colored, smooth skin. Although they are able to make noises—from a low grunt to a high-pitched squeak—pygmy hippos are usually silent. The natural range of this species covers West Africa, including countries such as Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea and the Ivory Coast. Pygmy hippos compose a separate class of animals. Until that time, the baby consumes a lot of milk. The pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis or Hexaprotodon liberiensis) is a small hippopotamid which is native to the forests and swamps of West Africa, primarily in Liberia, with small populations in Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Ivory Coast. The hippo is the third-largest land mammal on the planet. Not only is the pygmy hippo much smaller than the common river hippo, but it is much more rare, found only in the interior forests in parts of West Africa, mainly confined to Liberia, with small numbers in the neighboring countries of Sierra Leone, Guinea, and the Ivory Coast. Today, the Zoo has pygmy hippos along the Hippo Trail in the San Diego Zoo’s Lost Forest. Billy is an ancestor of almost all pygmy hippos living in American zoos. Size and Weight: The hippo is one of the largest mammals on Earth. Biggest threat is loss of natural habitat. When pygmy hippo cows are ready to breed, there is usually a bull waiting nearby. Cows: Female pygmy hippopotamus weigh between 160 kg to 240 kg. Behavior. The pygmy hippopotamus is just one-fifth the weight of its huge cousin, the hippopotamus. Like the hippopotamus, they are semi-aquatic creatures, although they spend a considerable part of their time on the ground. It’s all great fun for animals and guests alike. Pygmy hippopotamuses are usually solitary but can sometimes be found in small family groups. Native to West Africa. Pygmy hippo species is commonly found in Liberia. They generally exhibit nocturnal activity, being most active from the late afternoon to midnight. As a shy, nocturnal herbivore, the pygmy hippo eluded Western science until 1840. Too bad we humans don't have built-in sunscreen! They average around one-fifth the size of a river hippo. Attribute Common Hippo Pygmy Hippo; Weight: Males: Up to 1,475 kg (3,252 lb) Females: 1,360 kg (3,000 lb) 179-273 kg (395-601 lb) Height. Their body is hairless except on snout and tail and the skin is grey Weight of adults in captivity is 160 – 270 kg (weight of wild individuals is not known). Birth Weight; Common Hippo: 25-55 kg (55-121 lb) Pygmy Hippos: 5.73 kg (12.7 lb) Litter Size: one, twins rare; Female aggressive prior to giving birth Leaves herd; Returns in 10-14 days after calf has imprinted on her; Imprinting phase also common in other ungulates such as horses and zebras Little is known about the behavior of pygmy hippos in the wild, but they are usually found by themselves or in pairs. Together we can save and protect wildlife around the globe. Wild pygmy hippopotami are only found in West Africa. Little is known of its habits in the wild. The average Pygmy hippo weighs about 272 kg (600 1b) and stands 84 cm (2 ft … A single baby is born after 184 - 210 days of gestation. When encountering each other in the wild, hippos usually ignore one another. We welcomed the birth of our first pygmy hippo, Holly, in 1970, and have had 13 more births over the years at both the Zoo and the San Diego Zoo Safari Park. The pygmy hippo's teeth are also different: it only has one pair of incisors, while the hippo has two or three. Pygmy hippos are currently threatened by a number of factors, which negatively affect the small population of this endangered species. Although Pygmy hippos are legally protected throughout their range, the total population is decreasing due to scarcity or absence of suitable resources. Pygmy hippos are rarely found, easily recognizable and huge mammals that have always had a relatively small overall population. Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus ... (Hippopotamus amphibious) and the much smaller pygmy hippo (Choeropsis liberiensis). Population: Only around 3000 in a few countries in West Africa. The pygmy hippo is only half as tall as the hippopotamus and weighs less than 1/4 of a full sized hippopotamus. Within this territory, Pygmy hippos inhabit midst parts of tropical lowland forests with dense cover. Where does Hippo live? An adult individual of this species can dive for as long as 5 - 6 minutes at a time. Pygmy Hippopotamus calves weigh just under 6kg at birth and are fully weaned by the time they are eight mont… In the wild, the mother will hide her young in the bush while she looks for food. Males, called bulls, have larger territories than cows (females) and both mark their homes with their droppings. Pygmy Hippos mate and give birth either on land or in the water and after a gestation period of 196 - 210 days, 1 well developed calf is born. Its nose and ears close underwater just like a hippo's do, but its head is rounder and narrower, its neck is proportionally longer, and its eyes are not on the top of its head. Population: Around 130,000 across Africa. The pygmy hippo is less aquatic than its larger relative, although, when pursued, it hides in water. The common hippo can appear peaceful and lazy, but don’t be … It spends less time in water than the common hippopotamus, but will go underwater if it senses danger. Some researchers suggest that Pygmy hippos are polygynandrous (promiscuous) with both males and females breeding with multiple mates. Pygmy hippos sleep on the ground, typically in caves of burrows. Each site is used for only a few days, since these hippos change their sleeping quarters once or twice a week. Pygmy Hippo on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pygmy_hippopotamus, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/10032/0. The large cats know too well that an encounter with an angered mother can be their demise. In tons, female pygmy hippopotamus weigh between 0.18 tons to 0.26 tons. Pygmy hippos for the noted animal dealer, Carl Hagenbeck, in 1912 (Crandall, 1964). The top layer of the pygmy hippo's greenish-black skin is smooth and thin to help the animal stay cool in the humid rain forest. Pygmy hippos are mainly nocturnal, resting well hidden in swamps, wallows, or rivers during the heat of the day until dark, when they leave the water to feed on land for a few hours in the cool of the night. Pygmy Hippo. The feet of these mammals are slightly fused, allowing them to walk along bottoms of rivers as well as ascend slippery river banks. Number of young at birth: Usually 1, sometimes 2, Weight at birth: 7.5 to 14 pounds (3.4 to 6.4 kilograms), Length: 4.9 to 5.7 feet (1.5 to 1.75 meters), Height: 30 to 39 inches (75 to 100 centimeters) tall, Weight: 350 to 600 pounds (160 to 270 kilograms). Pygmy hippos search for food on the forest floor or in swamps but can stand on their hind legs to reach food higher up in trees if they need to. The mother tends to her young until weaning at around 8 months old. Hippopotamuses, or hippos for short, are large semiaquatic mammals found in sub-Saharan Africa. However, they are not true ruminants and hence ferment food and use microbes in a different way than true ruminants. Each individual defends its territory through fecal marking. Your gift membership offers a lifetime of memories and your loved ones will experience the special wonder of the San Diego Zoo and San Diego Zoo Safari Park when you give a gift membership today. Both common and pygmy hippos are herbivores, eating plants, leaves, grasses, and fallen fruit. 2. Presently, the pygmy hippopotami has been declared as an endangered species. Pygmy hippos are noticeably smaller than the Common hippos. The newborn hippo lives alone as the mother forages, visiting to suckle the baby 3 times a day. According to the Pygmy Hippo Foundation resource, the total population of this species in the wild is about 2,000 individuals, majority of which live in Liberia and the rest inhabit Sierra Leone, Guinea and the Ivory Coast. To mention just a few, deforestation, hunting, development agriculture and civil conflicts are among serious threats to these animals.