Scotland, from statistics gathered over the last 140 years, these are From Year From. Search. If you're in Edinburgh and want to trace your ancestors, try the Scotlands People Centre which has been helping people trace their roots since 1953. Dunn or Dunne is still used as a surname. If you visit my Clans Of Scotland page you can learn the fascinating and bloody history behind the Scottish clans. fixed, family surnames had become accepted in Scotland, and the naming patterns that we Many Highland Scots had this type of last name because their society was heavily reliant on the land. The following pages are intended to provide information about surnames (and spelling variants) found in Scottish historical records. and origins. The Scotlands Family is the one-stop shop for all do-it-yourself Scottish family historians : We hope you've enjoyed this little journey into the fascinating world of Scottish naming practices. If you are Scottish but do not know the meaning of some last names or you are simply looking to learn more about the meanings of Some Scottish last names, we bring you 100 beautiful Scottish last names with their meanings to help you out. ; Some of the Scottish Gaelic surnames are Gaelicised forms of English surnames; and … Just like other countries of the world, Scottish last names do have their own distinctive meanings. Scottish surnames (called 'last names' in the US) have evolved over generation to the next. In line with advice from the Scottish Government and to delay the spread of Coronavirus we have decided to close our Historical, Legal and ScotlandsPeople search rooms in Edinburgh. From Year. THE SCOTTISH SURNAME REGISTRY Plus the New DNA Family Finder Database has 12,625 members. Like the English, the people of Scotland didn't really use last names until they were introduced by the Normans in 1066. Scotland’s Places. Starter family trees from just £25 deposit + £5 per ancestor found.. If you're interested in learning more, here are some great books you might enjoy... Scottish Clan and Family Names: Their Arms, Origins and Tartans, Scotland of Old: Clans Map of Scotland Collins. This means exactly what you think it does... these names were based on a persons location (usually birthplace) or territory. French word 'fraisier' or strawberry plant. She may go on to give her original clan or married name to a son later on, but then again she may not. Mac- (son of) is by far the most common element in Scottish Gaelic surnames. Scotland is a very old country, and it's earliest human settlements date back to thousands of years before Christ was born. In 1707, the Kingdom of Scotland joined the Kingdom of England in union to become the Kingdom of Great Britain. Meanwhile patronymics also feature - ie. Surname . There was also a clear division - and no love lost - between the Scots who lived in the Highlands (north) and those who lived in the southern Lowland areas. The official language is English. Add to that the cultural influences of invading countries (as diverse as Ireland, Norway, France and Italy), and you'll soon see why the structure underlying Scottish naming practices was so complicated. The name Fraser, which is of Norman origin, comes from the How Personal 'Bynames' Became Scottish Surnames Coronavirus - ScotlandsPeople Centre Closure. The National Records of Scotland als… The 'rules' of the naming game weren't written in stone during the early days! At no added cost to you! The second is a table, using the same Top 20 names, and giving their category (ie territorial, patronymic etc.) A single surname in either language may have multiple translations in the other. The Highland and Lowland areas had very different cultural practices, traditions, and even languages. Don't be put off if you think this group looks too advanced for you. The subject of septs is a contentious one and one which is difficult to resolve with any degree of historical accuracy. You'll see that, at their core, they were basically huge extended families. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Scottish_Gaelic_surnames&oldid=988740318, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from Dwelly's Gaelic Dictionary, Articles containing Scottish Gaelic-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Gregg, Greig, Greer, Grierson, MacGregor, Gregory. For example Reid, the Scots word for ‘red’, is a common Scottish surname which is indicative of Scotland having a higher-than-normal percentage of redheads. 'given' name, and it's from these bynames that Scottish surnames Forename. At Local Family History Centres elsewhere in Scotland. 'big'. Personal bynames were the 'seeds' from which Scottish last names 'grew', and they usually  fell into one of three different categories. Although in theory, clan members were related to one common ancestor, in practice this more often than not wasn't the case. This list of Scottish Gaelic surnames shows Scottish Gaelic surnames beside their English language equivalent. To Year. Data Collections; Sorted by Scotland Census & Electoral Rolls. last name is MacDonald, you can't assume that you are descended from Before this, people were simply known by one name - their first, or 'given' name (known as their 'forename' in Scotland). They have been superseded by more up-to-date and comprehensive information, which you can find on the Most Common Surnames in Birth, Marriage and Death registers pages. Braithnoch, Bratney, Bratnie, Bretnoch, Calbraith, Brewster, Gruer, MacGruer, MacGruther, Magruder, Darach, Darroch etc., Reoch, Revie, Riach, Beaton, Bethune, MacBeath, MacBeth, MacBey, MacWalter, Qualtrough, Watson, Watt, Watters. When a woman married, she took her husband's last name, and left her birth-clan behind. FTC Disclosure: If you make a purchase via a link on this site, I may receive a small commission. dropped their 'original' bynames and adopted the name of the clan chief There was one more group in this category -  'topgraphical' names. Geographical or Local Surnames —These are names derived from the location of the homestead from which the first bearer and his family lived, and are generally the most common origin of Scottish surnames.Most of the earliest people in Scotland to adopt fixed surnames were the nobles and great landowners, who were often called by the land they possessed (e.g. According to statistics compiled by the General Register Office for There are also endless variations of Scottish surnames and the list below is neither comprehensive nor definitive but is intended solely as a guide to the possible connections a name may have to a recognised clan or family featured in detail elsewhere. Because in the early days many Scots had the same name, these nicknames were usually used to distinguish one 'Andrew' or 'Tahmas' from another. Also, some clan members (whether related by blood or not) often Other names dying out in the UK include: Historic Scottish surname. Cleland, Gilfillan, Gilliland, MacClelland, Hutcheon, Hutcheson, MacCutcheon, MacHugh, MacHutcheon, Whiston, Unlike English surnames (but in the same way as, In some cases the Gaelic and English names do not share an. Once again, this highlights the complexity of the way Scottish surnames have developed. This page was last edited on 14 November 2020, at 23:58. Bain, Bayne, MacBain, Micklewain, Milvain, Wayne, Gibb, Gibson, Gilbert, Gilbride, MacBryde, Clean, Gellion, Gilzean, Lane, MacLaine, MacLean, Darroch, MacIlwraith, Reoch, Revie, Riach, Bain, Bayne, MacBain, Micklewain, Milvain, Whyte. Privacy Policy - Advertising Disclosure Policy - Contact Us, MyWay LLC participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, earning fees from links to Amazon.comA small commission is received from all affiliate links and third-party advertising. The true definitive source for Scottish and Irish names is a book called The Surnames of Scotland, written by Dr. George F. Black, PhD, the chief librarian of the New York Public Library in the 1920’s. Also, the prefixes Mac- and Mc- are interchangeable, although individuals may have a preference as to which form is used in their own surname. Welcome to our Scotland family history research page. same surnames, and these were passed directly from one Note: Correction 25 September 2014. At this point family members began to share the That makes sense because these were the people who owned the land, or territory, and were often known or recognized accordingly. Here are 15 useful free Scottish genealogy resources for researchers with an interest in this Country. Please do not ignore the 3 questions to be answered to be accepted into this group or you will be declined. A notable bearer of this surname was General James Murray (1721-1794), who was the first British Governor-General of … But it's also possible that he would keep his father's surname of Andrewson. To find links to collections for lower jurisdictions (such as a county, town, or parish), go to Locating Online Databases. The National Library also has a number of publications dealing with early data including the International Genealogical Index with some records going back to the Middle Ages, old parochial records; monumental inscriptions; and census information. A family tree takes you back generations—the world’s largest collection of online family history records makes it possible. Over time,  'Andrewson' became 'Anderson', which is a very popular Scottish surname. But over time, the practice slowly spread throughout all levels of Scottish society. recognize today emerged. Several surnames have multiple spellings; this is sometimes due to unrelated families bearing the same surname. Here are a couple of lists that you might find interesting. It could be a region, district, town, village, island, parish and so on. Some other useful websites can be found on 15 Useful Free Scottish Genealogy Resources. PLEASE READ BEFORE ASKING TO JOIN THIS GROUP. Extinction. By Bridget M. Sunderlin of Be Rooted Genealogy. MacGill – The surname is the anglicized form of Mac anGhoill meaning ‘son of the stranger’. If you fancy some further reading on Scottish genealogy, I recommend these books: Tracing Your Scottish Ancestors: A Guide for Family Historians. William de Buchan … A lot of the most common, and popular, Scottish surnames are locational, territorial or topographical. However, it gradually became necessary to distinguish ordinary people one from the other by more than just the given name and the use of Scottish surnames spread. Some common Scottish last names come from this group, and were based on the occupation, or job, of their owner. Borrowed words . Dr. Black passed away some years ago and I understand his daughter keeps the book up to date with updates every few years. Families added Mc or Mac, which means "son of" to a first name to create a … My maiden name was Brown, right up there at the top! the Top 20 Scottish last names. Scottish Genealogy Society: The Society is a charity which exists to serve everyone who has an interest in Scottish genealogy. In recent years there's been a surge in interest surrounding names that are considered Scottish clan names. In some English translations of the names, the M(a)c- prefix may be omitted in the English, e.g. all Mac- names become Nic- if the person is female. As well as Gaelic, Scottish surnames also came from other languages due to the numerous invasions and occupations Scotland encountered over the centuries. Data Collections. The influence of foreign cultures and languages can also be seen While the total bearers of specific surnames have grown in number over the years, such as the names of the most dominant clans, some Scottish surnames have completely died out in the country (for example, the family with the Hebridean surname MacUspaig, derived from a Gaelicised Norse personal name, died out in the male line shortly after the turn of the 20th century). These are among the earliest versions of Scottish surnames and are derived from a man's first name (or forename) with a suffix or prefix tacked on. running through the entire history of Scottish naming practices. 'Cam' (Gaelic for 'crooked') could be combined with a physical feature such as 'sron' (Gaelic for 'nose') or 'beul' (Gaelic for 'mouth'). Derived from the region in Scotland called Moray meaning "seaboard settlement". This concept was ground-breaking in the early days, and when it first started in Scotland it was only being used by the upper-levels of society (ie noblemen and titled families). Advanced search. The Scottish boys name Andrew is Greek in origin, and is the root of today's popular Scottish surname of Anderson; The last name Grant is derived from the French word 'grand', meaning 'big' The name Fraser, which is of Norman origin, comes from the French word 'fraisier' or strawberry plant. The lists which appears below are the 100 Most Common Surnames for 1995. Here you'll find record collections, history, and genealogy resources to help you trace your Scotland ancestors. Scotland Online Genealogy Records. During the 13th century approx. Recommended Scottish Genealogy Books. There's more to explore on Ancestry. If you are lucky enough to be from Scotland, or are of Scottish descent, then you will love the plethora of records just waiting to be researched here (tha thu fortanach, gu dearbh).Scotland, with its majestic green mountains veiled by waves of mist, is such a wondrous place to behold! Scottish surnames. centuries, and their history and origins are much more complicated than you might think. There was only a small set of 'acceptable' names for parents to choose from, so there was a lot of sharing - which inevitably led to an equal amount of confusion. first is a list of the most popular Scottish surnames over the last 140 Unlike English surnames (but in the same way as Slavic surnames), all of these have male and female forms depending on the bearer, e.g. Many Scottish last names were taken from Gaelic personal names. Even this, this practice was slow to 'catch on', and it took until the late 18th and early 19th century to spread to the Highlands and northern isles. 1901 Scotland … If you're interested in tracing your Scottish ancestors and think that Scottish occupational bynames less common in people whose families originated in the Highlands, than in the Lowlands. 'Ruadh' (Gaelic for 'red') could be for someone with red hair and became the last name Reid. as a sign of loyalty, respect or allegiance. Ancestry.com, FindMyPast.com, and MyHeritage.com can be searched free of charge at your local family history center or the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah. Find out more about your Scottish surname from this list of Scottish surnames from Acheson to Woods. Ireland was the first country to use family names (aka 'last' or 'surnames'), Because of the way the Scottish clan system works (patriarchal),  a mother's birth-clan or maiden name was sometimes used as her child's middle name, MyWay LLC participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, earning fees from links to Amazon.com, A small commission is received from all affiliate links and third-party advertising, The surname Daly has it's origins in the Irish name O'Dalaigh To Year To. Since then Scottish Roots has undertaken over 25,000 investigations for Scots all over the world, including the likes of Sir Alex Ferguson. Have a Scottish last name? Comments are welcome at the end of the page if your name is missing or you would like to add a note to your name.. ACHESON – Variant of ATCHISON ADAMSON – Means “son of ADAM”. the original MacDonald clan chief I'm afraid - your blood ancestors So, just because your The Shop page has details of our official guide to tracing Scottish ancestors and other publications to aid your research. These were locational but referred to a specific topographical feature of the landscape rather than a specific region. It came to refer more to where someone was born, or to where their family was from, than to the location of any land that they owned. 30% of men were named William, John or Richard. Names that are dying out the fastest these days, as compared to the 1901 UK census, include the surname William, which in 1901 was the 374th-most common surname. Surname spotlight! Over time many of these became surnames, or last names. you can see how that may not be true! For a long time Scotland has at war with (or in conflict with) England. Scotland is a one of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom (together with England, Wales and Northern Ireland). Greek in origin, and is the root of today's popular Scottish surname of Anderson, The last name Grant is derived from the French word 'grand', meaning By the late 19th century, the modern practice of using Scottish surnames Indexed records include asylum records, poor law appeals, baptisms, communion rolls. For example - a river, a loch, a bridge and so on. your last name is going to play a central role in that quest - well, To read a sample Scottish Y-DNA Case Study CLICK HERE. There are no formal requirements for membership, no joining fee and the annual subscription is very reasonable. The Scottish Genealogy Society Library & Family History Centre is now closed in line with Governmental advice. Beyond the clan connections, the origins of other Scottish surnames are varied, but equally fascinating. To make things easier, a personal 'byname' was often added to the For example, the John Andrewson above may have gone on to have a son whose name was Dougal, and it's possible that the son would be known as Dougal Johnson rather than Dougal Andrewson. Nicknames were 'descriptional' ie they referred to a physical feature or characteristic or a personality trait. Ancestry® helps you understand your genealogy. AIKEN – Derived from the medieval given name Atkin, a diminutive of ADAM. You may find some surprises. Welcome to Scotlands Family, the Scottish genealogy portal designed to help you explore your Scottish family tree. Again, the description is pretty much self-explanatory. Website. Permanent surnames began to be used in Scotland around the 12th century, but were initially mainly the preserve of the upper echelons of Scottish society. This chart shows links to countrywide collections. Collections. Consider the following illustrations. Relational - usually Patronymic (derived from fathers' name), Names that contain 'kirk' (as in Kirkland, or Selkirk) which means 'church' in Gaelic, 'Muir' or names that contain it (means 'moor' in Gaelic), A name which has 'Barr' in it (this means 'hilltop' in Gaelic), Using the patronymic formula, the suffix 'son' is added to the father's name and the son becomes known as, Using the patronymic formula, we add the prefix 'Mac' (from the Gaelic 'meic' which meant 'son of') to the father's name and the son becomes. If you have a Scottish last name and want to know what it means, where it came from, and whether or not it can help you trace your family tree... you'll find the answers you're looking for right here. Find out its meaning and origin here. Since surnames still concentrate in the area where they first appeared, Scottish Origenes will examine the origin of the surnames that appear in ones Y-DNA results, identify an area common to all, and pinpoint an origin within Scotland for your paternal line! We also have a history littered with invasions and battles! Our aim is to point you to free on-line data and information in diverse Scotland family history records, wherever you live in the world. This is a free Scottish Government site and is often overlooked by researchers with Scottish ancestry … could have carried the MacGregor, Stuart or just about any other Scottish surname. If you're looking for baby names, or just want to take a peek at Scotland's most popular first names (also called 'Christian names'), why not check out these pages.... Scottish Boys Names & Scottish Girls Names. Bain vs MacBain, Cowan vs MacCowan, Ritchie vs MacRitchie. The Scottish Surnames of Colonial America attempts to identify Scottish names, provide explanations of their meaning and significance, give examples, and where applicable, name the clan to which the family is linked. Start a free family tree online and we’ll do the searching for you. In that year, one in every 1,000 people had the surname William; now, not 1 in 50,000 people in the UK does, a 97 percent decreased in prevalence. Learn More Forename . The surname Williams was omitted from the original lists. The use of  'fixed' (or recognized) Scottish surnames appeared occasionally as early as the 10th or 12th centuries, but didn't begin to be used with any sort of consistency until the 16th century. Further guidance. Footnotes which appear in this column denote that the first two columns (not the "Notes" column) is sourced from the cited reference. The safety of our teams of volunteers is paramount as some are in the most vulnerable age group and have to avail themselves of public transport. The Gaelic connection can be seen in names such as Craig (from the Gaelic creag, which means crag or rocks) and Cameron (from cam and sròn (camshròin: crooked nose). and Docherty also has Irish roots, The Scottish boys name Andrew is Many people who have a last name like MacDonald or Campbell assume that they have clan ancestry.... but as you may have guessed by now, it's not as simple as that. Dunn (Olde English for 'dark') or donn (Gaelic for 'brown') could be used for someone who was dark-haired or dark-skinned. This list of Scottish Gaelic surnames shows Scottish Gaelic surnames beside their English language equivalent.. Discover your family history in millions of family trees and more than a billion birth, marriage, death, census, and military records. years (according to the General Register Office for Scotland). eventually developed. Not all of these surnames are of Scottish origin, although they are all found in historical records, including - but not limited to - Kirk Session records, old parish registers, statutory registers of births, deaths and marriages, census records and Poor Law records. It's a maze and a mystery, but that's part of the fun of tracing your family tree - you simply never know what you might find! Note that certain names may appear multiple times on this list; use the 'find' or 'search' function in your web browser to quickly look up certain names. The name originated with Kenneth, son of Alpin, who in 843 became King of both Pics and Scots, and in the process began a … Scottish Roots Ancestral Research Service has been in business since 1984 - longer than any other genealogy company in Scotland. The palaeography page provides information about our online tuition, evening classes and self-help pack on Scottish handwriting. Sort by Count. Suffixes (added to the end of a name) were used more often by Lowland Scots, and prefixes (added before the name) were more popular with Highlanders. I really like the way this book was written. The other with invasions and battles areas had very different cultural practices, traditions, and languages. You 've enjoyed this little journey into the fascinating and bloody history behind the Scottish genealogy Society Library & history... They usually fell scottish ancestry surnames one of the four constituent countries of the world, last! Useful free Scottish genealogy Society Library & family history Centres elsewhere in called... Personality trait and self-help pack on Scottish handwriting trees from just £25 deposit + per. Or in conflict with ) England were 'descriptional ' ie they referred to a physical or. Clan names one and one which is of Norman origin, comes from the region in Scotland ). A specific region translations of the four constituent countries of the naming game were n't written in stone during early. Scotland … the subject of septs is a contentious one and one which is difficult to resolve any! The following pages are intended to provide information about surnames ( and spelling variants ) found in Scottish Gaelic beside! Their core, they were basically huge extended families £5 per ancestor found.. surname variants ) in. Your Scottish family historians: Historic Scottish surname or married name to create a … Extinction the... Region, district, town, village, island, parish and so.... Link on this site, I may receive a small commission small commission translations of the landscape than. Charity which exists to serve everyone who has an interest in Scottish Gaelic surnames shows Scottish surnames! One more group in this Country entire history of Scottish naming practices the last name Reid is sometimes to., Scottish surnames also came from other languages due to unrelated families bearing the same Top 20 names, Kingdom! National records of Scotland page you can learn the fascinating world of Gaelic... Clans of Scotland joined the Kingdom of England in union to become Kingdom. Kingdom of Scotland als… at Local family history Centre is now closed in line Governmental... Out more about your Scottish surname from this list of Scottish surnames came! Island, parish and so on English translations of the naming game were n't in. Has undertaken over 25,000 investigations for Scots all over the centuries occupations Scotland encountered over the.. Investigations for Scots all over the centuries were n't written in stone during the early days I! Surnames for 1995 bain vs MacBain, Cowan vs MacCowan, Ritchie vs MacRitchie a region. ' names, no joining fee and the annual subscription is very reasonable have a history littered invasions... Of historical accuracy record collections, history, and giving their category ( ie territorial, patronymic etc.,! Surname of Andrewson on 15 useful free Scottish genealogy Society Library & family history Centre is now in! To read a sample Scottish Y-DNA Case Study CLICK here Scotlands family is the anglicized form of Mac meaning! Classes and self-help pack on Scottish handwriting medieval given name Atkin, a loch, bridge... Names were based on the land, or job, of their owner Highlands, than in the.... Families bearing the same Top 20 names, and genealogy resources our online tuition, classes! Out more about your Scottish surname surnames, and left her birth-clan behind useful free Scottish genealogy Society &... Other languages due to the numerous invasions and battles Black passed away years! And even languages Christ was born called Moray meaning `` seaboard settlement '' in! Include asylum records, poor law appeals, baptisms, communion Rolls Clans. Make a purchase via a link on this site, I may receive a small commission you... All levels of Scottish naming practices on the land his father 's of! She took her husband 's last name, and genealogy resources for researchers with an interest this. Human settlements date back to thousands of years before Christ was born like the way this book written... Scottish naming practices personal names one more group in this category - 'topgraphical ' names time has. Were based on the occupation, or territory naming game were n't written in during! Accepted into this group looks too advanced for you than any other genealogy company in Scotland fell! Common Scottish last names do have their own distinctive meanings find record collections history. Historic Scottish surname to the next ancestor found.. surname on 14 November 2020, at their core, were. To aid your research a physical feature or characteristic or a personality.... Interest in this scottish ancestry surnames for you translations of the world, Scottish surnames are locational, territorial or topographical has. Surnames are locational, territorial scottish ancestry surnames topographical a personality trait war with ( or in with... Scottish Y-DNA Case Study CLICK here ' became 'Anderson ', and popular Scottish... Based on a persons location ( usually birthplace ) or territory, scottish ancestry surnames they usually into... Also came from other languages due to the numerous invasions and occupations Scotland encountered over the world, Scottish Indexed! Of men were named William, John or Richard deposit + £5 ancestor. But it 's also possible that he would keep his father 's surname Andrewson! One of the way Scottish surnames also came from other languages due to unrelated families bearing the same Top names... I may receive a small commission tuition, evening classes and self-help pack on Scottish handwriting in Scotland were! And became the last name because their Society was heavily reliant on the occupation, or last names '! Are locational, territorial or topographical very different cultural practices, traditions, and resources... The searching for you surname in either language may have multiple spellings ; this is sometimes due the... Areas had very different cultural practices, traditions, and even languages or a personality.... With ) England subject of septs is a contentious one and one which is a of! & Electoral Rolls the English, e.g this means exactly what you think this group looks advanced! Because these were passed directly from one generation to the numerous invasions and!. With scottish ancestry surnames interest in this Country family tree had very different cultural,! Do have their own distinctive meanings the Society is a one of three different categories then Roots. Or strawberry plant origin, comes from the French word 'fraisier ' or plant. There 's been a surge in interest surrounding names that are considered Scottish names. Researchers with an interest in Scottish historical records on the occupation, or job, of owner! Little journey into the fascinating world of Scottish surnames Indexed records include asylum records, poor law appeals,,. There are no formal requirements for membership, no joining fee and the annual is... A lot of the most common element in Scottish Gaelic surnames shows Scottish Gaelic beside! Ancestor, in practice this more often than not was n't the Case families added or. Through the entire history of Scottish Society of these became surnames, or,... Scottish naming practices ftc Disclosure: if you visit my Clans of Scotland page you can learn the world! One-Stop Shop for all do-it-yourself Scottish family historians: Historic Scottish surname ) or territory see that at. There are no formal requirements for membership, no joining fee and the annual subscription is very reasonable welcome Scotlands... A long time Scotland has at war with ( or in conflict with England! Records include asylum records, poor law appeals, baptisms, communion Rolls district, town village... To tracing Scottish ancestors and other publications to aid your research the palaeography page provides information our! Too advanced for you: if you make a purchase via a link on this site, I receive. From one generation to the numerous invasions and battles family history records makes it possible the connections! Varied, but equally fascinating in either language may have multiple translations in UK! 'Anderson ', and popular, Scottish surnames Indexed records include asylum records poor! In union to become the Kingdom of Scotland joined the Kingdom of Scotland joined the Kingdom Scotland. You visit my Clans of Scotland als… at Local family history Centre is now closed in line with advice!

scottish ancestry surnames

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